ARGENTINA

All the versions of this article: [English] [Español]

Population: 40.913.584 | Surface: 2.791.810 km2 | Capital: Buenos Aires | Government: Federal Democratic Republic | Currency: peso argentino


Institution: National Registry of Persons | Representative: Santiago Rodriguez | Website: www.argentina.gob.ar/interior/registro-nacional-de-las-personas

The Argentine Republic is a sovereign state, organized as a representative and federal republic, located in the extreme south of America. Its territory is divided into 23 provinces and an autonomous city: Buenos Aires, capital of the Nation and seat of the federal government. Its nearly 40 million inhabitants average human development indices, percentage of globalization, GDP per capita, level of economic growth and quality of life, which are among the highest in Latin America.

By its extension, it is the second state of South America, fourth in the Americas and eighth in the world, considering only the continental surface subject to its effective sovereignty, of 2,791,810 km². Although taking into account the Falkland Islands, South Georgia, South Sandwich and Aurora, administered by the United Kingdom however claimed by Argentina as an integral part of its territory, plus the Antarctic area claimed south of the 60 ° S parallel, called Antarctica Argentina and which includes the Orkney Islands of the South and South Shetland, the total area rises to 3,761,274 km². Its continental American territory, which covers a large part of the Southern Cone, borders Bolivia and Paraguay to the north, Brazil to the northeast, Chile to the west and south, and Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.

The 1853 Constitution established a representative, republican and federal system of government, which has been maintained by all constitutional reforms made since then. The provinces are autonomous, which is explained in article 121 of the National Constitution: The provinces retain all power not delegated by this Constitution to the federal government, and that expressly reserved for special acts at the time of incorporation. The current Constitution is the result of the text established by the Constitutional Convention of 1994.

PERSONAL REGISTRATION SYSTEM

1. Specialized agency
The National Registry of Persons (ReNaPer) is the national agency that has the task of registering and identifying all-natural persons domiciled in the Argentine territory or Argentine jurisdiction and of all Argentines, regardless of their place of residence. , keeping a permanent and updated record of the facts and vital acts from birth to death.

2. Dependence
The RENAPER It is an autarkic and decentralized body, under the Ministry of the Interior through the Ministry of the Interior created by Law 13482 and updated by Law 17671. To fulfill its mission the National Registry of Persons exercises jurisdiction in The entire territory of the Nation. It is based in the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires.

3. Organization chart of RENAPER
The RENAPER will be in charge of general management, seconded by a sub-direction, a general secretariat, legal advice, regional delegations, sectional offices, and other necessary dependencies. Regional delegations will be established in the Federal Capital, provincial capitals and territories and other cities determined by the Executive Power
The Civil Registries depend on the Government of each province and that of the Federal Capital of the Government of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires. In turn, each Provincial Civil Registry has Sectional Offices and that of the Autonomous City of Buenos Aires operates in Management and Participation Centers (CGP).

The Civil Registry Register all the vital facts and acts that give rise to, alter or modify the civil status of the persons. Each Civil Registry issues and files only the items (birth, marriage, death, etc.) corresponding to its jurisdiction.

4. Functions
Registration and identification of persons of visible existence residing in the Argentine territory or Argentine jurisdiction and all Argentines regardless of where they are domiciled, by registering their most important records from birth and through the different stages of his life, those who will keep permanently updated.
The classification and processing of information related to that human potential with a view to satisfying demands such as providing the national Government with the necessary information bases that will allow it to establish, with the intervention of specialized technical agencies, the demographic policy that best suits the interests of the Nation; and make available to the State agencies and private entities that request them, the elements of judgment necessary to carry out an adequate administration of human potential; enabling their active participation in the defense and development plans of the Nation.
The issuance of national identity documents, exclusively, as well as all other reports, certificates or testimonies provided by law 17,671, granted based on fingerprint identification.
The carrying out, in coordination with the relevant authorities, of statistical activities aimed at ensuring the permanent census of persons.
The application of the fines provided for in arts. 35, 37, 38 and 39 of Law 17.671.

5. Identity documents in the Argentine system
The RENAPER issues, exclusively, the National Identity Document (DNI.) And all those reports, certificates or testimonies following Law 17,671, granted based on fingerprint identification.

6. Identification Document Name
The National Identity Document (DNI) is the document that certifies the identity of individuals exclusively, based on the database administered by the National Registry of Persons. The DNI is the only instrument that proves the identity of a person. All those people who were born in the national territory, automatically acquire Argentine nationality and consequently have the right to receive their first DNI free of charge.
Likewise, foreign citizens who reside continuously for more than 6 months in the Argentine territory, and have obtained the Certificate of Radiation issued by the National Migration Directorate, can process their ID in the offices of the provincial Civil Registries or the RENAPER Public Service Center for Foreigners located in the City of Buenos Aires. The format and use of the DNI are regulated by Law 25.819-Law on Identification, Registration, and Classification of National Human Potential, which replaced the Enrollment Passbooks (LE) that were issued for men on the occasion of mandatory military service and the Civic Notebooks (LC) that women received when they came of age.

7. Formalities
ID for national citizens
DNI Newborns
Original ID
Exchange of Enrollment Book or Civic Book by ID
ID update 5/8 years
ID update 16 years
Address change
Duplicate ID and other copies
ID for foreign citizens
Original ID
Argentine Nationality Option
ID update 5/8 years
ID update 16 years
Duplicate ID and other copies
Address change
ID with Federal Police Identity Card
Legalized Photocopy of Birth Certificate
DNI with Consular Envelope

8. Contact
Address: Tte. General Perón 664 C1038 AAN Buenos Aires
e-mail: reports@renaper.gov.ar
By phone: Citizen service line
(54 11) 4393-0566
Source: http://www.mininterior.gov.ar/renaper/

9. Main Regulations.
Political Constitution of 1994.- According to this, the civil registers of provinces are valid throughout the national territory. Each province establishes its own institutional, political, administrative, economic and financial regulations ensuring its autonomy in registry matters.

LAWS
Law 13.482 - Creation of the National Registry of Persons
Law 17.671
Law No. 24,540. Identification Regime for Newborns.
Law 25,819. Identification, Registration, and Classification of National Human Potential.
Decree 8204 - Registry of Civil Status and Capacity of Persons,
Decree 538/04 - Extension of validity of the DNI for 180 consecutive days people who have reached the age of inc. b) of Article 10 of Law 17.671
Decree 773/07 - RNP organizational structure