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Population: 191.480.630 | Surface: 8,514,877 km2 | Capital: Brasilia | Government: Federal Presidential Republic | Currency: Real

Institución: Secretaría Nacional de Promoción y Defensa de los Derechos Humanos | Representante: Sergio Paulo Da Silveira Nascimento | Página web:

The Federative Republic of Brazil better known as Brazil, originally inhabited by Native Americans, was the piece of the American continent that corresponded to the kingdom of Portugal after the Treaty of Tordesillas. According to the 1988 Constitution, Brazil is a presidential federative republic, although the Brazilian legal system follows the Roman-Germanic tradition. The executive power is exercised by the President, who accumulates the functions of head of state and government. He is elected every four years, through the second electoral round system, which is a process that reiterates the chosen candidate. Parallel to the presidential elections, the National Congress, the seat of the legislative branch, is divided into two parliamentary houses: the Chamber of Deputies, which has a four-year term, and the Federal Senate, whose members have eight-year terms, renewing one third and two thirds alternately every four years.

Brazil is the largest country in South America and the fifth in the world. It has limits with all South American countries, except Chile and Ecuador. To the north it borders Colombia, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana; to the south with Argentina, Uruguay and Paraguay; to the east with the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west with Bolivia and Peru. It is a country that enters the range of tropical countries since it is on the equator. Brazil encompasses the southern hemisphere and the northern hemisphere, however, the climatic seasons are not felt radically. Much of its territory is covered by the Amazon rainforest. Thanks to this and its climate, it is the country with the most animal species in the world. Its capital is Brasilia, which replaced Rio de Janeiro in 1960. Having been Salvador de Bahia the first national capital, Brasilia is then the third city to be the capital of Brazil.


one. Specialized agency
In Brazil, each State has its own civil registry. Those in charge of making the inscriptions of the facts and vital acts throughout the life of the people are the civil registrars, who must be lawyers, endowed with public faith, and who must attend to the peculiarities of the place where they work to facilitate access to the public and the security of the archives of books and documents.

two. Dependence
The body responsible for overseeing registrars is the Judiciary through the geographically competent court at the provincial and district levels. The competitions to choose registrars are carried out by the Judicial Power with the participation, in all its phases, of the Order of the Lawyers of Brazil, of the Public Ministry, of a notary and a registrar.

3. Organization chart
In each municipality, there is at least one civil registrar.

4. Identification Document Name
"The Identity Card" also known as "Carteira de Identidade" or "Geral Registry" (RG)

5. Formalities
Birth registry
Marriage registration
Death record

6. Contact

7. Main Regulations.

Civil Code (Law 10,406 of 2002).
Law on Notary and Registry Services (Law 8,935 of 1994).
Decree 9886 of 7.3.1888 - The universality of the civil registry originates with the Catholic Church and establishes the mandatory registration of birth, marriage, and death.


Actions are taken by the State to promote universal registration:
Creation of the Human Rights Portal for the Indigenous People, which seeks to facilitate the provision of basic civil documentation through the use of itinerant positions (mobile units, mobile records).
The implementation of the National Human Rights Plan is a nationwide campaign that seeks to:
Give each citizen the fundamental citizenship documents (birth certificate, identity document, labor certificate, electoral title, and, the military enrollment certificate / military reserve certificate or excuse or exception document).
Introduce free birth certificates and death certificates for all citizens.
Repeal any discriminatory rule that affects access to the registry.
The exclusion of the term "color" from any report on the population and public database.
Promote the creation and installation of the Black Community Councils at state and city levels.
Support the definition of actions for the progress of the black community.
Promote and reward private companies that practice positive discrimination.
Take actions for the equitable treatment of the population and ensure equal access to social programs and policies.