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Population: 44.534.000 | Surface: 1.141.748 km2 | Capital: Bogotá | Government: Presidential Republic | Moneda: Peso colombiano

Institución: Registraduría Nacional del Estado Civil | Representante: Alexander Vega Rocha | Página web:

Colombia, officially the Republic of Colombia, is a country located in the northwestern area of ​​South America, with Bogotá as its capital city, bordering east with Venezuela and Brazil, south with Peru and Ecuador and northwest with Panama; Maritimely it borders Panama, Costa Rica, Nicaragua, Honduras, Jamaica, Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Venezuela for the Caribbean, and with Panama, Costa Rica and Ecuador for the Pacific. Its surface is 2,070,408 km², of which 1,141,748 km² correspond to its continental territory and the remaining 928,660 km² correspond to its maritime extension. It is the only country in South America that has coasts in the Pacific Ocean and in the Caribbean Sea where various islands are part of its territory, such as the San Andres and Providencia Archipelago. Colombia is the fourth territorially largest country in South America, as well as the third in population in Latin America and considered one of the 19 richest countries in biodiversity in the world.

Colombia is recognized in the world for coffee production, flower exports and rich culture of folk music and dances.

According to the current constitution (of 1991), Colombia is the Social State of Law, organized in the form of a unitary republic with political centralization and administrative decentralization, where public power is separated into three branches, which are legislative, executive and judicial. and various control bodies such as the Attorney General’s Office, the Attorney General’s Office, the Comptroller’s Office, the Public Prosecutor’s Office, the Citizens’ Veeduries, and where the executive maintains a certain preponderance.


one. Specialized agency
The National Registry of Civil Status is the national body whose mission is the direction and organization of elections, civil registration, and identification of persons. The RNEC has the National Civil Registry Office, which is responsible for centralizing the general information of births, marriages, deaths and other civil acts and events.

two. Dependence
The Electoral Organization is made up of the National Electoral Tribunal, the National Registry of Civil Status and the National Electoral Surveillance Committee. This composition and its functions are defined in the 1991 Constitution. As of 2003, the National Electoral Council is elected by the Congress of the Republic for a period of 4 years, while the National Registrar of Civil Status is elected by the Presidents of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court of Justice and the Council of State.

3. An organizational chart of the National Registry of Civil Status (RNEC)

The RNEC is constituted by the Electoral Delegated Registry and the Delegated Registry for the Civil Registry and Identification. The first is in charge of the Directorate of Electoral Management and the Directorate of Electoral Census and the second is the National Directorate of Identification and the National Directorate of Civil Registry.

4. Functions
Civil registration, citizen identification, and electoral organization functions fall within the same organization. This has favored the administration and management of processes and information for the harmonious performance of the whole group (integration of files and databases, cost and time reduction in the preparation of documents and the National Electoral Census, among others).

5. Identity documents in the Colombian system
Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate, and Identity Card.

6. Identification Document Name
The Identity Card is the name of the identification document.
Any person over 18 years of age, resident in the country, must have their valid Identity Card and in good condition. Through a reform in 1995, the National Registry was authorized to reform the unique identity document and introduce automated mechanisms for fingerprint classification. The citizenship card is a usable document not only to cover but to identify the citizen in all its civil acts.

7. Formalities
Own the Civil Registry such as the Birth Certificate, Marriage Certificate, Death Certificate, Cancellation of the Civil Registry, among others, and the issuance of the Identity Card and Identity Card.

8. Contact
Avenida Calle 26 # 51-50 CAN Bogotá Colombia
Switch 5712282880

9. Main Regulations.
Political Constitution of the Republic of Colombia is 1991
Decree 2737 of 1989 - Birth Registration Request
Law 89 of 1948 with which the Electoral Organization is created
Decree 1260 - Statute of the Registry of the Civil Status of persons (1970)
Decree 1694 - Regulated the issuance and enforceability of the identity card, as the only suitable means for identification (1993)
Law 96 of 1985 and Decree 2241 of 1986 whereby the Electoral Code is created and the Electoral Census is reconstituted
Decree 290 of February 17, 1999 - Registry of displaced persons
Decree 999 of 1988 - Change of name
Decree 158 of 1994 - Registration by mail
Technological Modernization Project 1997
Administrative Restructuring of 2001
Legislative Act No. 1 of July 3, 2003


Introduction of registry services in clinics and hospitals for the issuance of birth records.
Specialized attention to the indigenous population, displaced people, the population living in the borders, afro-descendants and other excluded groups for their access to the right to an identity.
One of the key measures of the reform has been territorial coverage