EL SALVADOR

All the versions of this article: [English] [Español]

Population: 5.744.113 | Surface: 21.041 km² | Capital: San Salvador | Government: Republic | Currency: US Dollar


Institution: Registro Nacional de las Personas Naturales | Representative: Federico Guillermo Guerrero | Web Site: www.rnpn.gob.sv

El Salvador is a sovereign state located in Central America that lies between Guatemala and Honduras. It has the highest population density in Continental America.
He acquired his independence from Spain in 1821 with the General Captaincy of Guatemala and ceased to be part of the Federal Republic of Central America in 1839. Previously, in the pre-Columbian era, he was known by the name of Cuscatlán, which means “Place of things beautiful ”, in Nahuat language.
The 1983 Constitution defines the basic legal system of the country. There it is established that El Salvador is a democratic, representative republic in which the presidential system governs, whose three organs are the Executive Branch, headed by the President of the Republic and his Cabinet. The Legislative Body called the Legislative Assembly of El Salvador (unicameral) of 84 deputies, and the Judicial Branch, expressed in the Supreme Court of Justice, composed of 15 Magistrates, one of them being elected as President of the Judicial Branch.
A 12-year civil war, whose human cost reached approximately 75,000 lives, ended on January 16, 1992, when the government and the guerrillas signed the Peace Accords that brought military, social and political reforms. With the Chapultepec Peace Accords (1992), the new National Civil Police, the Office of the Procurator for the Defense of Human Rights, the Supreme Electoral Tribunal, created legal life as a political party for the leftist opposition in the form of Farabundo Martí Front for National Liberation (FMLN) and the role of the army, reserved for the defense of sovereignty and territorial integrity, was redefined. Some security forces that were in command of the army were also abolished, such as the National Guard, the Treasury Police and the special Battalions formed to maintain the war against the insurgency of the 80s.

PERSONAL REGISTRATION SYSTEM

1. Specialized agency
National Registry of Natural Persons is the body in charge of registering, conserving and issuing in a centralized, permanent and updated way all information on facts and legal acts constituting, modifying or extinguishing the family status of natural persons and on other facts and acts legal entities determined by law; as well as facilitate the location and consultation of such information. He is also in charge of issuing the Unique Identity Document (DUI).

2. Dependence
The National Registry of Natural Persons is a public law entity, with technical and administrative autonomy.

3. Organization chart of the National Registry of Natural Persons
The National Registry of Natural Persons is constituted by two systems: The National Registry of Natural Persons and the Registry of the Unique Identity Document
The organizational hierarchy of the RNPN is as follows:

I. Board of Directors
II. President-National Registrar.
III. Deputy National Registrar.
IV. Executive Director.
V. Addresses.
SAW. Advice and other dependencies.
Those responsible for keeping the record are the municipalities that handle the primary documentation in regards to certificates of birth certificates, marriage certificates, non-marital unions, divorces, and deaths. At the head of these offices is a Family Status Registrar. Finally, the Electoral Registry Office of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (TSE) is responsible for preparing the list of voters (registration and electoral roll).

4. Functions
Administer the system of the National Registry of Natural Persons.
Administer the system of Registration of the Unique Identity Document and the other registries determined by the laws.
Maintain in a permanent and updated way, all the information of the civil or family status of the people and create the appropriate systems for the processing and conservation of the same.
To give official certainty of the facts and acts related to the marital status of the people, through the extension of certifications and resolutions.
Provide information to the National Civil Police, the Attorney General’s Office and the Judicial Branch for the investigation of criminal acts.
Provide the Supreme Electoral Tribunal with the necessary information for the registration of persons in the Electoral Registry and inform them of deaths.
Order replacement of Registry files that, due to use or time or other reason, are totally or partially damaged or destroyed. (The birth certificate databases are delivered to municipal mayors who request it).
Participate in the elaboration of the vital statistics of the country and provide the State agencies with the necessary statistical information that contributes to establishing population policy.

5. Identity documents in the Salvadoran system

6. Identification Document Name
Unique Identity Document (DUI), The DUI will be mandatory for all Salvadoran natural persons who are of legal age, who must request it within fifteen business days after they have reached the age of majority, or the expiration thereof.

The introduction of the DUI as an identity document and valid for exercising suffrage represented an improvement both for citizens and for the institutions responsible for keeping civil and electoral records.

7. Formalities

8. Contact
Torre RNPN, Col. Gral. Manuel José Arce C. Douglas Vladimir Varela y Av. Caballería.
2279-4182/2279-4248 2279-4305/2279-4315
http://www.rnpn.gob.sv

9. Main Regulations.

Amendment to the Constitution of 1983: Creation of the Supreme Electoral Tribunal (Legislative Decree No. 64 of October 31, 1991).
Issuance of a new Electoral Code (Legislative Decree No. 417 of December 14, 1992).
Creation of the National Registry of Natural Persons (Legislative Decree No.488, October 27, 1995).
Transitional Law of the Family Registry and the Marriage Patrimonial Regimes (Legislative Decree No.496, November 9, 1995).
Organic Law of the RNPN (Legislative Decree No.552, December 21, 1995).
Regulation of the organic law of the RNPN (Executive Decree No.34, of May 23, 2000.
Special law regulating the issuance of DUI (Legislative Decree No.581, of October 18, 2001
Reforms to the 1992 Electoral Code, in the matter of the RNPN, Electoral Registry, DUI (Legislative Decree No.132, of September 18, 2003)

News

Since the creation of the RNPN, the information coming from the municipalities is centralized for the issuance of the Unique Identity Document (DUI), created in 2002 and which also began to be used for the exercise of suffrage in the 2004 elections. The DUI is provided by Service Centers (Duicentros) operated by a private company. Therefore, the contract with this company is also part of the
legal precepts regarding civil registration.

In El Salvador, the most significant reforms were: a) the creation of the RNPN within the electoral body; b) its subsequent organic separation while maintaining budgetary dependence; c) the one that establishes the budgetary autonomy of the RNPN with respect to the TSE; d) the definition of responsibilities and obligations regarding the sending of information from the municipal mayors to the RNPN for inclusion in the civil and electoral registry; e) outsourcing the issuance of the DUI; f) the creation of a permanent electoral roll by automatically transferring personal information from the DUI to the Electoral Registry, and g) using the DUI as a single voting document.

Another advance has been the increase in birth registration and the issuance of birth, marital and death certificates is more expeditious and reliable.

In 2005 El Salvador entered into an agreement created by COSEDINS, a committee that promotes respect for children’s identity and includes the participation of government institutions and non-governmental institutions.