MÉXICO

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Population: 124.692.044 | Surface: 1.972.550 km2 | Capital: Ciudad de México | Government: Federal Republic | Currency: Mexican Peso


Institution: Registro Nacional de Población e Identificación Personal | Representative: Jorge Leonel Wheatley Fernández | Web Site: www.gob.mx/segob/renapo

Mexico is a representative, democratic, secular and federal Republic, composed of 32 Free and sovereign States in terms of its internal regime; but united in a federation established according to the principles of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States.

In this way, sovereignty and public power correspond to the people, and it is he who decides to exercise it through a system of separation of powers:

Executive: He falls to the President of the United Mexican States;
Legislative: It is deposited in the Congress of the Union, it is the body in charge of making and reforming the laws; Y
Judicial: They are the organs and institutions that are in charge of the application of the legal norms, like courts and courts.

PERSONAL REGISTRATION SYSTEM

* Civil Registration

Articles 121 and 130 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States provide that each federative entity shall be responsible for public acts, records and judicial proceedings, including acts of civil status. Thus, in Mexico, the Civil Registry is in charge of each state of the Republic, therefore, there are 32 Civil Registries, which have autonomy in terms of their internal regime, so they have their own regulations and procedures.

* ID

On the other hand, identification is a federal authority and is run by the Ministry of the Interior (SEGOB). In this sense, the National Registry of Population and Personal Identification (RENAPO), as an Administrative Unit attached to SEGOB, is the authority in charge of administratively registering the population in Mexico and credibly certifying their identity, for which they have been responsible for establishing standards, methods and technical procedures to support the activities carried out by the officers and courts of the Civil Registry, as the authority that accredits the legal identity of Mexicans.

In this way, as of 1981, RENAPO began coordinating efforts in the field of registration in the country, through the signing of Collaboration Agreements with the Governments of the 32 federal entities, creating the National Council of Civil Registry Officials (CONAFREC), as a non-binding, operational, support and consultation body that pursues the development and improvement of the Civil Registry at the national level.

On the other hand, RENAPO is responsible for assigning and debugging the Unique Population Registration Code (CURP), which is the alphanumeric code that is issued to all Mexicans to register and identify them individually. To date, there is no single identification document in Mexico. The most commonly used are the Voter Credential, Driver’s License, Passport, and Military Service Card. However, CURP is to date the access key and the element of interoperability between systems and databases in Mexico, which allows the identification of the person and the traceability in procedures and services of the public and private sectors.

Dependence

The SEGOB is a dependency of the Federal Executive Power that is in charge of the exercise of the powers assigned by the laws, as well as the regulations, decrees, agreements, and orders of the President of the United Mexican States.

At the head of this, there will be a Secretary of the Office and that for the relief of the matters of his competence, he will be assisted by Undersecretaries, Administrative Units and decentralized administrative bodies

In this sense, RENAPO is an Administrative Unit attached to the Secretariat of Population, Migration and Religious Affairs of SEGOB.

Organization chart of the General Directorate of the National Population and Personal Identification Registry

The General Directorate of the National Population and Personal Identification Registry is in charge of 4 Joint General Directorates:

* Deputy General Directorate of Population Registration.
* Deputy General Directorate of Technology.
* Deputy General Directorate for the Coordination of Political Operation and Strategic Alliances.
* Deputy General Directorate for the Coordination of Seniors and Minors.

Functions

In accordance with Article 22 of the Internal Regulations of SEGOB, RENAPO has the following powers:

* Organize and operate the National Population Registry, registering national and foreign individuals residing in the country;
* Keep track of Mexicans residing abroad;
* Assign and debug the CURP to all persons residing in the country, as well as to Mexicans residing abroad;
* Propose to the Undersecretariat of Population, Migration and Religious Affairs the conclusion of coordination agreements and technical annexes for the execution, allocation or transfer of federal resources with the governments of the federal entities, the social and private sector for adoption and use of the CURP in the registries of persons within the scope of the state, and in general with respect to any matter that corresponds to its area of ​​competence;
* Accredit and register the identity of all persons residing in the country and of nationals residing abroad and issue the Citizen Identity Card, as well as the Personal Identity Card to Mexicans under 18, referred to the General Population Law and its Regulations;
* Issue, based on the coordination agreements signed with the federal entities, the guidelines for civil registries to assign the Single Population Registration Code in the minutes of the civil status of the persons, and verify its correct application, as well as establish, based on these agreements, the mechanisms, actions, norms, methods and procedures for administrative simplification in the registry of persons corresponding to civil registries, and design and execute actions for the interconnection of civil registries with the National Population Registry , which allows efficient operation and updated content;
* Establish the standards, methods and technical procedures of the National Population Registry, which must be published in the Official Gazette of the Federation, as well as coordinate the methods of registration and identification in the dependencies and entities of the Federal Public Administration;
* Act as a technical regulatory body and consultation of the activities carried out by the officers and courts of the Civil Registry, in accordance with the agreements signed for this purpose;
* Analyze the information that, in relation to its functions, is provided by the officers and courts of the Civil Registry in the country, and the dependencies and entities of the Federal, State and Municipal Public Administration, and produce the reports that are required, and
* Apply the sanctions established in the General Population Law regarding population registration and personal identification.

Identity documents in the Mexican system

* Birth certificate

The Birth Certificate is the most important document for people as it gives identity to a person, as it is the document that states the name, nationality, and origin of a person, as well as being the gateway to the rights of every Mexican.

* Citizen Identity Card

In accordance with the General Population Law, the Citizen Identity Card is the official identification document, which makes full proof of the identity data it contains in relation to its owner, it will have value as a means of personal identification before all Mexican authorities either in the country or abroad and natural and legal persons domiciled in the country.

* Personal identity card

The People Identity Card is the identification document for Mexicans under eighteen years old.

Formalities

* Birth Certificates before Officials of the Civil Registries in the federal entities.
* Marriage Records before Civil Registry Officials in federal entities.
* Divorce Proceedings before Officials of the Civil Registries, Family, Civil and Mixed Courts in the federal entities.
* Proceedings and Certificates of Deaths before Officials of the Civil Registries and Agencies of the Public Ministry in the federal entities.
* Certificates of Fetal Deaths before Officials of the Civil Registries and Agencies of the Public Ministry in the federal entities.
* Processing of CURP before the General Directorate of the National Registry of Population and Personal Identification RENAPO.
* Citizen Identity Card, as well as the Personal Identification Document for Mexicans under 18 before the General Directorate of the National Population and Personal Identification Registry RENAPO.
* Issuance of birth certificate online.

Contact

Web Site: https://www.gob.mx/segob/renapo

E-mail: contactorenapo@segob.gob.mx

Address: Avenida Melchor Ocampo número 171, Piso 5, Colonia Tlaxpana, Delegación Miguel Hidalgo, Ciudad de México C.P. 11370

Main Regulations

* Each of the 32 States has constitutional provisions on Civil Registry or Right to Identity.
* Internal Regulations of the Ministry of the Interior.
* General Population Law.
* Regulation of the General Population Law.

News

* On June 18, 2018, the Normative Instructions for the assignment of the CURP was published in the Official Gazette of the Federation. In collaboration with the Mexican Commission for Refugee Assistance (COMAR) and the National Migration Institute (INM), CURP will be issued to foreigners requesting refugee status and complementary protection who are in Mexican territory, the foregoing for providing dignified and humane treatment to migrants and refugees.
* Through the signing of the Coordination and Collaboration Agreement with the entities 32 entities that make up the Mexican Republic, promoting and coordinating between SEGOB through RENAPO, with the support of the Coordination of the National Digital Strategy of the Office of the Presidency and the Digital Government Unit of the Ministry of Public Administration, consultation and printing of records of the registration of the civil status of people through the internet has been implemented in the portal gob.mx/actas.