Bolivia is an independent and sovereign State located in the center-west of South America. It limits to the north and the east with Brazil, to the south with Paraguay and Argentina, and to the west with Chile and Peru. It is, along with Paraguay, one of the two countries of South America without the marine coast. It is also the eighth country with more extensive area in the American continent and twenty seventh world-wide.
Bolivia is a country with cultural, natural and archaeological riches. Among these riches we find the Tiwanaku Culture that was developed in which we know today as the western region of the country and whose knowledge in multitude of matters was a legacy for the Inca Empire. Less known are the archaeological cultural remains in the tropical Eastern region of Bolivia that, among others, developed the Hydraulic Culture of Hills, the most extensive of the American continent, in the plains of Moxos and Baures that currently belong to the Department of the Beni.
REGISTRY SYSTEM OF PEOPLE
1.- Specialized organism:
The National Direction of Civil Registry is the national organism in charge of registering the vital acts and vital facts referred to the civil status of the people from their birth to their death. Is a specialized technical-operative organism based in the Electoral National Court that is in charge of the administration of the Civil Registry in the fulfillment to policies, norms and resolutions that the approves the National Electoral Court. This National Direction exercises technical – operative authority over the Departmental Directions of Civil Registry, to which it is related functionally respecting the faculties of administrative direction of the Departmental Electoral Courts.
The Electoral National Court is the maximum authority of the Civil Registry and exercises national jurisdiction. Is in charge of directing the organization and operation of the service of the Civil Registry. The Electoral Departmental Courts are the organs in charge of directing and administering the service in the department of their jurisdiction in agreement with the policies and guidelines drawn up by the Electoral National Court.
3.- Organizational chart of the SNCR:
In 1992 the management of the Civil Registry was transferred to the National Electoral Court. It supposed the main transformation of the Civil Registry in the 20th century. This was followed by Law Nº 1884 of August 12th 1998 about the National Service of Civil Registry. The Electoral Code of 1999 again established the organization of the Civil Registry within the National Electoral Court and the electoral departmental courts.
- The Electoral National Court
- The Electoral Departmental Courts
- National Direction of Civil Registry
- Departmental Directions of Civil Registry
- Regional Directions of Civil Registry *
- “Oficialías” of Civil Registry
* By Resolution of “Sala Plena” Nº 71/2006 of 21 of April of 2006 the creation of the Regional Directions of Civil Registry depend from the Departmental Directions of Civil Registry.
Is in charge to register the vital facts and vital acts regarding the civil status of the people. It administers therefore births, marriages and deaths registries, among others.
5. Identity documents in the bolivian system:
The identity card, Registro Único Nacional (RUN) and the “Libreta” of the Military Service.
6.-Name of the Identity Document:
The “Cedula de Identificación Nacional” (CIN) is the National Document of Identity in Bolivia. The responsible organization to issue this document is the Registry of National Identification-RIN, created by means of Law No. 1864 – Law of Property and Loan Associations of 15th June 1998, as a decentralized and autonomous public organization, under the supervision of the Ministry of Justice and Human rights.
- Registry of Births
- Registry of Deaths
- Registry of Marriages
- Registry of Naturalizations and Nationalization
National Direction of Civil Registry
Av. 6 de Agosto esq. Cordero Nº 2798
2433984 – 2430106
9. Main Laws.-
- Political Constitution of 7th February 2009
- Law of November 26, 1898 that creates the Civil Registry Status of people
- Law Nº 1884 of August 12th 1998 about the National Service of Civil Registry
- Electoral Code of 1999
- Law 2616 of 2003 that established that some rectifications of the Civil Registry (such as errors in names or last names, change or addition of full name, and rectification of sex) would be made in a administrative manner instead of judicially.
- Law 2626 of 2003 established the gratuity of the inscription in the Civil Registry and the issuance of the first certification.
- Supreme Decree 28620 of march 2006 that declares of public interest and national priority the inscription of all citizens in the civil and electoral Civil Registry, to obtain the certificate of personal identity.
- Supreme Decree 25230 (of 1998) allows the delayed registry of the minors without the need of a judicial process.
- Supreme Decree Supremo 27915 that facilitates the inscription of persons older than 18 years old coming from indigenous and originals towns.