Costa Rica is located in Central America, and is a country that limits with Nicaragua by the North, Panama by the east and the south, the Pacific Ocean by the west and the south and the Caribbean Sea by the east. Costa Rica is the most visited country of Central America.
Is one of the most consolidated democracies of America and enjoys a good level of political and social stability, in spite of the economic and social difficulties of the last two decades. Costa Rica abolished constitutionally his troops permanently in 1949.
Costa Rica has undergone a strong evolution in its economy, from a country mainly agriculturist to an economy of services. The income coming from exports of traditional agricultural products continue to be to Costa Rica, as bananas, coffee, sugar, cacao and pineapple. Especially important is the production of Costa Rican coffee of high quality and its export to the US market where it is very appreciated. Nevertheless the income originated from the exports of nontraditional products – as flowers and the mini vegetables- have surpassed to a great extent the exports of traditional products.
REGISTRY SYSTEM OF PEOPLE
1.- Specialized organism:
The Civil Registry is the organism that allows having the pursuit of the civil and electoral life of the citizens. By guaranteeing the correct registration of births and the deaths, it determines the due formation of the Electoral National Register, where the sum of the electoral wills of the country is represented.
The Civil Registry is an assigned institution to the Supreme Court of Elections. It is the union of the Civil and Electoral Registries to which article 104 of the Political Constitution refers.
3.- Organizational Chart of the Civil Registry:
- It is under the authority of a General Director, who depends directly on the Electoral Supreme Court.
- Is composed of two departments: Civil and Electoral, each in charge of a Senior officer.
- Each department has sections and offices in charge of their own functions that have been entrusted to them.
The organization is divided in two sections: Civil section and electoral Section. The issuance of the identity card is responsibility of this institution from the 7th of April of 1947. From this date it serves for electoral and identification purposes.
Of the Civil Section:
- In charge of the registrations of vital facts, as well as of the cancellations or modifications that need to be practice in any seat.
- Issues certificates of those facts.
- Knows and solves all regarding the acquisition, recovery or any modification of the nationality.
In order to carry out its work it counts on the following sections and offices: Inscriptions, Options and Naturalizations, Legal transactions and Accessory Registry Officials.
Of the Electoral Section:
- Receive, transact and deliver the identity cards
- To make and maintain updated the Electoral Register
- To give certifications of electoral inscription
In order to carry out its work it has under its charge the following sections and offices: Analysis and Control, Electoral Register, Certificates and Photographies, Electoral Office
5. Identity documents in the Costa Rican system:
Identity cards for minors and Identity cards.
6.-Name of the Identity document:
The identity card is the name of the identity document and its issuance is responsibility of the civil Registry since 1947, assuming an electoral role and of identification, of great value and recognition within the citizens of the country.
Identity card, Birth certificates, marriages and y deaths, identity cards for minors (TIM)
Aptdo. No. 2163-1000 San José, Costa Rica
9.- Main Laws.-
The Constitution of Costa Rica was approved in 1949 and it clearly establishes the functions of the Civil Registry under the jurisdiction of the Supreme Electoral Court. That same year the Supreme Electoral Court decided to unify the archives of the civil and electoral Registries in a single body, mentioned in article 104 of the Constitution.
Law Nº 7688 – Identity card for Costa Ricans from twelve to eighteen years old and their Regulation (except married minors Articles 3, 4 and 7)