Cuba is a country seated in an archipelago of the Antilles Sea, also known as the Caribbean Sea. Its main island, well-known as the Island of Cuba, is the greatest of the Majors Antilles. To the north of Cuba we find the United States and Bahamas, to the west Mexico, to the south the Caiman Islands and Jamaica and to the Southeast the Spanish island.
The present Constitution establishes that Cuba is a socialist state, organized like a democratic and unitary republic. From 1977, a new political division was established in Cuba, the one that organized the country in 14 provinces, 169 municipalities and the special municipality of the Island of Youth.
The Cuban unicameral parliament, National Assembly of the Popular Power, is the supreme organ of the power of the State. Of more than 600 members, half is proposed by the set of deputies and delegates, and the other by the civil society, by means of elections. They serve for periods of five years.
REGISTRY SYSTEM OF PEOPLE
1.- Specialized organism:
The Registry of Civil Status is a governmental institution by which the State guarantees the inscription of the vital facts and vital acts related to the civil status of people, it constitutes a means for the formation of demographic statistics, of health and others of social interest. The birth, the marriage, the death, the acquisition, loss or recovery of the Cuban citizenship and all vital facts or vital acts that constitute or affect the civil state of the people will register in the Registry of the Civil Status and within the terms that establish this Law and its Regulation. The vital facts or vital acts that constitute or affect the civil status of the people, and the documents in which they are sustained, in order to have proof value must register or be written down previously in the Registry of Civil Status.
The Ministry of Justice is responsible for the technical, political and methodology direction in subjects related to the registry of the civil status of the people.
3.- Organizational Chart of the Registry of Civil Status:
Registry of the Civil Status will be integrated by a system of inscriptions and marginal notes of vital facts and vital acts related to the civil status of people, that will be named “seats”, and will consist indifferently in:
- Offices of the Registry in each municipality;
- The offices of the provincial registries;
- The offices of the Special Registry;
- The consular offices of Cuba;
- The offices of palaces of marriages in each municipality.
The Registry of Civil Status is divided in four sections: Births, Marriages, Deaths and Citizenship. The offices of Registry of the Civil Status will be in charge of a registrar.
The recorder of the civil state will have the following duties, attributions and functions:
- To take declarations, receive requests and documents concerning the civil state of the people and to describe them, and in case of doubt, demand or verify the veracity or authenticity of the declarations, requests and documents that are formulated, or presented/displayed to him;
- To extend, or to arrange that they extend, under its direction and responsibility, the inscriptions and notes that must be practiced in the seats of the offices of the Registry;
- To guard and to conserve books, documents, files or “legajos” found in the offices of the Registry;
- To issue certifications based on the seats and documents found in the offices of the Registry and the refusals that result from them;
- To correct material errors or omissions in the inscriptions;
- To process and solve the change, addition or modification of names;
- To authorize the marriage formalization;
- To deny the request of inscriptions when they do not meet the requirements that are settle down in this Law;
- To direct, control and supervise the work of statistical information and other that derive from the inscriptions or annotations practiced in the offices of the Registry;
- To direct, control and supervise the work of the offices of the Registry and its auxiliary personnel;
- Others that settle down in this Law and its Regulation.
5. Identity documents in the Cuban system:
Certificate of birth, Minors Card (up to 16 years old) and Identity card.
6.-Name of the Identity Document
Identity card that is issued by an entity denominated CIRP (Identity card and Registry of Population) in charge of the Department of Interior.
- Certificate of Birth
- Certificate of Marriage
- Certificate of Death
- Certificate of Citizenship
- Certificate of Criminal Records
- Certificate of Divorce
- Acts of Complete Will
- Declaration of Heirs
- Proof of being single
- Legal capacity
- Other Official Documents
- Literal document certification
9.- Main Laws.-
According to Law no. 51 of 15 July of 1986, the Registry of Civil Status is a public institution through which it is guaranteed the facts and events related to the civil status of the people.