The nation occupies more than two west thirds of the island of Hispaniola or Santo Domingo, in the Antilles archipelago. The country is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the north, the Caribbean Sea or the Antilles Sea to the south, the La Mona channel to the east which separate Dominican Republic and Puerto Rico, and Haiti to the west.
Dominican economy is based on four sectors: agriculture, mining, tourism and industrial free trade zone. At present Dominican economy is mainly based on tourism. The most important agricultural products are: sugar cane (main agricultural activity), rice, cacao, tobacco, guinea banana, citric products, tomatoes, kidney bean, and cotton, among others. The mining production is focused in Cibao where large fields of ferronickel and the largest open mine in the continent, are located. The service sector is the largest component of GDP (Gross Domestic Product (GDP) at more than 50%, mainly due to the importance of tourism sector and the international commerce.
REGISTRY SYSTEM OF PEOPLE
1.- Specialized organism:
The National Civil Registry Office is the entity in charge of the entire Civil Status service. This organism is under a National Director according to Article 6, Paragraph III item d of the Law No. 275-97 dated 12-21-97. It also has two Sub-Directors, these positions were created by the JCE and according to the item (i) of the same regulation.
It depends on the Central Electoral Board which is the organism in charge of the Civil Registry and the Identification System.
3. Organizational chart:
The Central Electoral Board functions include managing the civil status through the National Civil Registry Office, and the issuance of identity document through the National Electoral Registry Office.
The National Civil Registry Office is an entity that depends on the Central Electoral Board and is charge of the registration of vital facts and acts occurred during individual’s lifetime. The National Electoral Registry Office has as duty to process, select, organize and file the data and documents of citizens in order to issue the Identity Card and, at the same time, organize and update the final list of electors (Electoral main chart) to be used in the Elections event.
The National Civil Registry Office is structured as follows:
- The Civil Status Central Office that has a Director and 2 Sub-Directors.
- The Civil Status Offices consisting of one Civil Status Clerk, two alternate Clerk and one administrative assistant.
- Civil Status Local Office which operates in the National District.
- Offices in the Health Centre
- Registry of untimely births that has mobile units for the fulfilment of its objectives.
- Civil Status Officer
It is the organism in charge to administer the facts and acts related to the civil status of the people that implies the creation, modification or annulment of their basic rights. Among these acts it can be pointed births, marriages, divorces, deaths and recognitions.
5. Identity documents in the Dominican system:
Birth Certificate and Electoral and Identity Card
6.- Name of the Identity Document:
Electoral and Identity Card
- Change of names
- Amendments and annulments
Telephone number: 809-531-1230
9.- Main Regulation.-
- Law No.659 regarding Civil Status Acts, dated July 17th 1944.
- Civil Code Provisions, Law No. 136-03 dated August 7th. 2003.
- Code of Protection for Vital Rights of Children and Adolescents Law No. 8-92 dated April 13th. 1992.
- Electoral Law No.275-97 dated December 21st. 1997 and its Modifications.