Jamaica is an island and country of the Greater Antilles and it is situated in the Caribbean Sea. The distant between Jamaica and Central American continent is 630 km. Jamaica is located at 150 km to the south of Cuba and at 180 km to the west of Hispaniola Island where Haiti and Dominican Republic are located. Jamaica is the largest Caribbean island where English is spoken.
Jamaica is a Constitutional Monarchy and is member of the Commonwealth of Nations. Jamaica has a Parliamentary system. The Head of the State is the Queen Elizabeth II, but the Primer Minister is the Head of the Government.
Jamaica is an important regional centre of tourism having had a major growth during the 90’s thanks to significant foreign investments. Besides tourism, its economy is based on sugar production and the bauxite extraction as well.
REGISTRY SYSTEM OF PEOPLE
1.- Specialized organism:
The Registrar General’s Department” (RGD) is the organism responsible of registering the vital facts and acts such as births, marriages and deaths, among others. They also provide security to Public Register.
This organism has been established as an “Executive Agency” since April 1st. 1999 and it reports to the Ministry of Health. As an Executive Agency is a governmental entity that is devoted to provide services to citizens obtaining human and financial resources which usage and destination are submitted to the Ministry of Health.
3. Organizational chart :
This organism has two main divisions: “General Register Office” and “Island Record Office”. El GRD has its main office in Twickenham Park, St. Catherine and its 8 branch offices are located in Kingston and St.Andrew, Manchester, St. Elizabeth, Westmoreland, St. James, St. Ann, Portland and Clarendon. GRD has the status of Executive Agency and its activities are afforded by its own resources.
El GRD is the sole organism in charge of register the vital facts and acts and also has the following functions:
- To keep in good condition and safe documents that has public and historical relevance such as wills, naturalization or citizenship certificates and the Laws of Jamaica.
- To classify the diseases stated in the medical certificates as a cause of death.
- Tracking activities of the Marriages Officers, Civil Registrars and Local Registrar of the District (LDR) who are the ones that register births and deaths.
- To issue certified copy of birth deceases and marriage records upon requisition.
- To issue certificates of non impediment.
- To amend mistakes in the vital registry.
- To add parents’ information in the registration of a child’s birth.
- Authorize and carry out re-registrations.
- Authorize and carry out delayed registration.
- To register Opticians, Business ventures, Building Societies and Staff Associations.
- To produce statistic reports and summaries of the registry files and data. These statistics include the classification of diseases according to the decimal revision of the standards for the International Classification of diseases (ICD-10).
- To register Proxy, purchasing-sales contracts, among others.
- To register mortgages from the “National Housing Trust”, “Agricultural Credit Board” and “ Peoples’ Cooperative Bank”.
5. Identity documents in the Jamaican system:
Birth Certificate, Passport.
6.- Name of the Identity Document:
- Birth Certificate
- Decease Certificate
- Marriage Certificate
- Non impediment Certificate
- Adoption Certificate
- Genealogical research
- To obtain the “Tax Registration Number”
- To obtain passport
- To process retirement funds and other social benefits.
1 876 (366-0120)
9.- Main Regulation.-
Bills of Sale Act; Building Societies Act; Children (Adoption of) Act; Civil Service Establishment Act; Co-operative Societies Act; Cremation Act; Executive Agencies; Jamaica Gazette Act; Act; Marriage Causes Act; Muslin Marriage Act; Opticians Act; Registration (Strata Titles) Act; The Children (Guardian and Custody) Act; The Conveyances (Voluntary) Act; Act; The; The Judicature (S. Court) Additional Powers of Registrar; The Judicature Family Court; The Jury Act; The Justices of the peace jurisdiction Act; The Juveniles Act; The Registration of Births and Deaths; The Registration of Clubs; The Status of Children Act..