Nicaragua is an independent, sovereign, unitary and free State. It is considered as a democratic, representative and participant Republic which is formed by four major powers: Legislature, Executive, Judiciary and Electoral) as Government organisms. The country is located in Central America between the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Caribbean Sea to the east. Nicaragua borders Honduras to the north and Costa Rica to the south. Its geography shows lakes and volcanoes and actually, some volcanoes still have activity.
REGISTRY SYSTEM OF PEOPLE
1.- Specialized organism:
The Central Registry for Civil Status of People is settled in Managua city and administer and file the information provided by Registry for Civil Status of People which is run in every Municipality of the country.
The Central Registry for Civil Status of People depends on the Supreme Electoral Council. The Supreme Electoral Council provides the Central Registry for Civil Status of People with funds from its own budget in order to allow them to perform their duties, according to the Electoral Law article 10 item 12 which states: “The Supreme Electoral Council is entitled as follows: 12. Organize and keep under its dependency the Central Registry for Civil Status of People, the citizenship official document and the Electoral roll”.
At the same time, the Civil Registry in the Municipalities has a double dependency, it means, they administratively depend on the Municipalities and functionally depend on the Central Registry. According to the Law of Nicaragua’s Municipalities Article 8 (Law No. 40, July 2nd. 1988) “The Registry for Civil Status of People is an administrative dependency of the Municipal Government and it is ruled according the pertinent legislation according to the provisions and methodologies appointed by the Supreme Electoral Council”.
3.- Organizational chart
The Central Registry is run by a General Director appointed by the Supreme Electoral Council with the following qualities: to be citizen of Nicaragua, attorney, older than twenty five years old and in fully exercising of his civil and political rights.
Every Municipality has a General Direction Office that is hierarchically subordinated to the General Secretariat which exercises its authority over the personnel who works in it through its Director. This Genera Direction Office has the responsibility of providing users with services related to the civil status of the people. At an internal level, coordination with all offices that may require its service regarding Civil Registry is regularly done. At an external level, coordination must be done with the Central Registry for Civil Status of the People, General Direction of Identity Document, Supreme Electoral Council, Supreme Court of Justice and the various institutions related to the Civil Status of the People.
The General Director of the Central Registry for Civil Status of the People has the following authority:
- To keep duly the central archive of the Nicaraguan civil status files and of the acts that may modify said files that are recorded in the Registry for Civil Status of People in the Municipalities.
- To lead and rule technical and methodologically the function of the Registry for Civil Status of People;
- To keep record of naturalized persons and foreigners with residency permit;
- In the event of duplicity of entry about the same fact regarding to the same person, the General Director must decide about its validity or nullity;
- To keep informed the General Direction of Identity Document about the facts regarding to the civil status that were recorded in the Central Registry.
- Other functions and power appointed by the Supreme Electoral Council according to the law.
Likewise, the Civil Registry Office in the Municipalities has the following functions:
- To comply the legal provision stated in the Civil Code, Laws and Decree at this regard, so as resolutions, rules, procedures and regulations issued by the Central Registry for Civil Status of People and Supreme Electoral Council;
- To record the vital facts and juridical acts claimed by people;
- To issue certificates upon requisition, as long as the pertinent registration were stated in the correspondent books, according to the Art. 509.C;
- To serve users who claim services and professional advice regarding to registration matter.
- To preserve and guard the registration books so as legal documentary that supports the registration and modifications in the civil status;
- To coordinate with the Central Registry for Civil Status of People about microfilming the Volumes of the Registration Books;
- To keep the inventory of the Volumes of Registration duly updated per year and per topic;
- To keep coordination with related institutions: Municipal office of Identity document, Ministry of Public Health, National Institute of Statistics and Censuses, Courts, Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports, My Family, among others.
5. Identity documents in the Nicaraguan system:
Birth Certificate and Citizenry Identity Card.
6.- Name of the Identity Document:
Citizenry Identity Card. The Article 4 in the Law of Citizenry Identity establishes that the presentation of the Citizenry Identity Card is compulsory for various regular activities.
According to the Article 10, item 12 of the Electoral Law, the Article 6 of the Law Citizenry Identity Card, state:
“For the purpose of organization, direction and execution the identity documentation, hereby it is created the National Commission of Identity Documentation and the General Identity Documentation Office, as dependencies of the Supreme Electoral Council, settled in the capital city of the Republic”.
- Birth registration
- Denial of children
- Adoption registration
- Divorce registration
- Decease denial
- Decease registration (if it was abroad)
- Decease registration
- Marriage denial (singleness)
- Marriage registration (if it was abroad)
- Marriage registration
- Replacement of Birth Certificate
- Birth denial
- Amendment of Birth Certificate
- Birth registration (if it was abroad)
- Recognizance registration and/or legitimacy for subsequent marriage.
000 505 (250-9619);
Direct 000 505 (222-2864);
Cell phone 000 505 (8503742)
000 (505) 250 9619
9.- Main Regulation.-
- Political Constitution of the Republic of Nicaragua. Published in November 19th. 1986
- Civil Code of the Republic of Nicaragua. VI Title. Registry for Civil Status of People. Pages 103 to 124. Articles 499 to 595. Code promulgated on February 4th. 1904.
- Law of Citizenry Identity. Law No.152 dated March 5th.1993 its modifications and additions in 2004, 2005, 2006.
- Law of Identity Card, Decree No. 308, approved in April 5 1972.
- Electoral Law. Law No. 331, Promulgated in January 19th. 2000.
- Law of Municipalities, Law No. 40 dated July 2nd. 1988.