Panama, is a country situated in the isthmus that links North America and South America, borders Costa Rica to the northeast, Colombia to the southeast, Caribbean Sea to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the south. Panama is an international business centre and the trading and banking activity dominates the country’s economy.
The country also includes the Free Trade Zone of Colon which is the biggest Free Trade Zone in the occidental hemisphere and the second largest in the World. In its territory is located the Panama Channel which facilitates the communication between the Atlantic Ocean coasts and the Pacific Ocean coasts.
REGISTRY SYSTEM OF PEOPLE
1.- Specialized organism:
The National Civil Registry Office is in charge of conducting the registration of vital facts and vital acts (births, marriages, deceases, among others) and the subsequent modifications that people might do regarding to their civil status during their lifetime.
The National Civil Registry Office is an entity that depends on the Electoral Tribunal of the Republic of Panama.
3. Organizational chart:
The National Civil Registry Office is formed as follows: Superior Office consists of a Director and a Sub-Director, 12 Provincial Offices with its correspondent Branch offices in Districts. It also has (7) Departments: Juridical Department, Department of Customer Service, Department of Indexing and Digital Documentary, Department of Civil Registration, Department of Vital Facts and Juridical Acts of Panamanians occurred abroad and Department of Administration.
In each province exist a Provincial Civil Registry Office, which has a jurisdiction according to the territory assigned by the political administrative division. It is headed by a Director who organizes, run and coordinate the service.
There are also offices in every District or Sub-Offices in hospital, towns, villages and areas with clerks who are authorized to receive the formal statements of births, deceases, acknowledgements of children and requisitions for certificates.
The Civil Registry consists of nine (9) Regional Offices in Provinces and three (3) Offices in towns with major population. Additionally, there are District Offices in sixty-eight (68) from the seventy-five (75) Districts in the country, so as offices in public hospitals throughout the country.
The Civil Registry is the only institution that can certify the nationality, name, age, familiar bonds and civil status of Panamanians. Likewise, this organism keeps a record of marriages, divorces, adoptions, change of names. It is supported by a unique date base which feed the platform of:
n Civil Registry of persons
n Identity of Citizens
n Registry of Electors
n Registration of Political Parties
5. Identity documents in the Panamanian system;
Birth Certificate and Personal Identity Card
6.- Name of the Identity Document:
The name of the Identity Document is the Personal Identity Card and it is issue by National Identity Document Office. An exclusive and permanent identity number is assigned to each citizen when his birth is registered in the Civil Registry facilities. When a citizen turns in 18 years old reaching full age will receive the Personal Identity Card as identity document.
The following individual has the right and duty of carrying Identity Card:
- Panamanian older than 18 years old, minors who are emancipated or have ability of age.
- Individual born abroad, older than 18 years old and adopted by Panamanian nationals having this quality at the moment of the adoption.
- Foreign individual under 18 years old and legally residing in Panama.
The number assigned at the moment the birth is registered is the same number that will be used in the Identity Card, driving license and social security. This number is also included in the Panamanian passport.
- To obtain Birth, decease, singleness and descendant Certificate
- Birth registration
- Voluntary parental acknowledgement
- Decease registration
- Amendment of registrations
- Marriage registration
- Decease registration
The head offices of the Civil Registry are located between the 33ª and 33B Street and Cuba Avenue, in front Porras Park, next to the Spain Embassy, Barrio La Exposición, Corregimiento of Calidonia, District of Panama, Province of Panama.
P.O. Box 0816-01504 – Panama, Republic of Panama Cuba Avenue between 33 Street and 34 Street, Panama.
Phone number: 005075078041 / 005075078042
9.- Main regulation.-
- Law 31 dated June 25th. 2006, that rules the registration of vital facts and vital acts related to the civil status of person and re-organize the Civil Registry National Office.
- Law 60 from December 29th. 2006, by mean of which the Electoral Code is modified.
- The National Identity Document Office is ruled by the Law 108 dated October 8th. 1973
- Modification of the Personal Identity Card (1991)
- Project for the Modernization of the Electoral Tribunal’s systems (1999)
- Political Constitution from the year 1972 (Constitutional Modification through the Legislative Act No.1 from 2004)
- Law 54 (2005): that modifies and adds articles to the Law 100 from 1974 that re-organize the Civil Registry.
- Decree No. 53 dated July 29th. 1958 which ruled the elaboration and issuance of the Personal Identity Card.