This Declaration therefore identifies a set of common Principles fundamental to
maximizing the benefits of identification systems for sustainable development
while mitigating many of the risks. These Principles are intended to apply to the
broad concept of “legal identification” systems: those that register and identify
individuals to provide government-recognized credentials (e.g., identifying
numbers, cards, digital certificates, etc.) that can be used as proof of identity.
Under this inclusive definition, legal identification need not be linked with
nationality or citizenship.
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