PERÚ

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Population: 28.220.764 | Surface: 1.285.215,6 km2 | Capital: Lima | Government: Presidential Republic | Currency: Nuevo sol


Institución: Registro Nacional de Identificación y Estado Civil | Representante: Carmen Velarde Koechlin | Página web: www.reniec.gob.pe

It is a country located on the western side of South America, whose territory borders the Pacific Ocean in the west and borders in the northwest with Ecuador, in the northeast with Colombia, in the east with Brazil, in the southeast with Bolivia and through The south with Chile. It has a complex geography dominated mainly by the elevations of the Andes Mountains and the Pacific currents, which configures climates and landscapes as widely varied as the desert coast, the high Andes puna or the rainforest of the Amazon basin, All environments that make up the country as a territory of a great variety of natural resources.
The Peruvian population is of multiethnic and mixed race of important indigenous substratum to which European, African and Asian ancestry have been added; its mixture of cultural traditions has resulted in a wide diversity of expressions in fields such as arts, literature, music and its native cuisine. The main and most spoken language is Spanish, although a significant number of Peruvians speak diverse native languages ​​such as the Quechua languages, those of a greater number of speakers. It is a developing country with an average Human Development Index still with economic inequality but that has seen its income improve and its poverty level decrease in recent years. Its main economic activities include agriculture, fishing, mining and the manufacture of products such as textiles.
Politically, the country is organized a democratic presidential republic with a multiparty political system structured under the principles of separation of powers and decentralization. It is divided into 25 regional constituencies (24 departments and the Constitutional Province of Callao).

PERSONAL REGISTRATION SYSTEM

1. Specialized agency
National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (RENIEC) is the body in charge of organizing and maintaining the unique identification register of natural persons and recording the facts and acts related to their capacity and marital status. It is the governing body of the National Identification System, in which the Civil Status Registries that are operating in the provincial, district and minor populated municipalities throughout the country are immersed.

2. Dependence
RENIEC is an autonomous public body, which has a legal status of internal public law and has powers in the field of registration, technical, administrative, economic and financial matters. It is at the service of the electoral system, (JNE and ONPE) as indicated in article 177 of the current Constitution of 1993

3. Organization chart of RENIEC
• National Headquarters.
• National Sub Headquarters.
• General Secretary.
• Management.
• Sub Managements.
• Regional Headquarters.
• Department Headquarters.
The bodies that develop advisory and support activities are represented by the Planning and Budget Management, Legal Advice Management, Institutional Image Management, Administration Management, Computer Management, Human Resources Management and the Center for High Registry Studies - FALL OUT.
The operational or line bodies execute the main functions of the RENIEC and constitute its raison d’être. They are represented by the Management of Registry Operations, Management of Processes and Registry Debugging and Management of Certification and Digital Registration, reinforcing the authority and responsibility of said bodies.
The RENIEC has 198 Agencies nationwide and 21 Registry Offices (*) in Metropolitan Lima, Callao, Piura, Trujillo, Chiclayo, and Cusco, also there are 27 Auxiliary Registration Offices for the registration of births and deaths that work in Hospitals, thus allowing to provide a better service to the citizen.

4. Functions
1. Registration of births, marriages, divorces, deaths, and other acts that modify the marital status.
2. Issue the corresponding certificates.
3. Prepare and keep updated the electoral roll.
4. Provide the National Jury of Elections and the National Office of Electoral Processes with the necessary information to carry out their duties.
5. Maintain the citizens’ identification record and issue the documents proving their identity.

5. Identity documents in the Peruvian system
Birth Certificate, Military Notepad, and National Identity Document

6. Identification Document Name

The National Identity Document (DNI) is the name of the identification document. The DNI is the document that enforces the fundamental right to the identity and exercise of citizenship and, therefore, of the civil and political rights that derive from it; The importance of registration lies in the identification of people for public policies executed by the State. Since March 1, 2004, the DNI is the only and exclusive identity card for citizens over 18 years of age in full exercise of their civil and political rights.

7. Formalities
Identification Procedures: Registration of Age, Registration of Minor, Duplicate of DNI, Renewal by Expiration of DNI, Exchange of the Electoral Book for the DNI, Certificate of Registration, Other registration acts.

Civil Registration Procedures:
Birth Registration, Marriage Registration, Death Registration, Registration Abroad, Other registration acts.

8. Contact
Operational Headquarters
Jr.Cuzco 653 Lima, 1
Tel: (511) 315-4000
Administrative Headquarters
Av. Bolivia 144, Civic Center Tower, Lima, 01
Tel .: (511) 315-2700
postmaster@reniec.gob.pe
www.reniec.gob.pe

9. Main Regulations.

• Political Constitution of 1993 article 2, paragraph 1 indicates that every person has the right to identity. The right to identity includes the right to the name, to acquire a nationality and the right that people have to know their parents and carry their last names, and above all, it implies a legal recognition of the person by the State. Article 183 of the Constitution creates RENIEC
• The Organic Law of the National Registry of Identification and Civil Status (RENIEC), Law 26497 of July 12, 1995.
• Through Supreme Decree Nº 015-98-PCM, the Regulation of the Inscriptions in the RENIEC was approved.
• Headquarters resolution 001-99-JEF / RENIEC states that birth certificate certifications are issued by RENIEC through the heads of the Civil Registry Offices